Corporate Support
Sitemap
Singapore

ShareInvestor.com

Mobile Edition
Mode - Streaming
Switch to Static Mode?

Price Highlight

Index Highlight

Chart
STI
3,306.4
-5.2 (-0.16%)

 

  • STI Straits Times Index
    3,306.4
    -5.2 (-0.16%)
     
  • KLCI FTSE Bursa Malaysia KLCI
    1,673.3
    -2.8 (-0.17%)
    Index delayed 15 minutes
  • HSI Hang Seng Index
    28,152.1
    -360.9 (-1.27%)
    Index delayed 15 minutes
  • SSE SSE Composite Index
    2,968.4
    -39.8 (-1.32%)
    Index delayed 15 minutes
  • N225 Nikkei 225
    21,193.8
    -92.2 (-0.43%)
    Index delayed 20 minutes
  • JCI Jakarta Composite Index
    6,313.2
    24.7 (0.39%)
    Index delayed 10 minutes
  • KOR KOSPI
    2,120.8
    -5.5 (-0.26%)
    Index delayed 20 minutes
  • XAO XAO
    6,734.5
    -11.0 (-0.16%)
     

SGX Market

Bursa Market

HKEx Market

SET Market

IDX Market

ASX Market

NYSE Market

NASDAQ Market

NYSE American Market

  • Volume: 429.6M
  • Value: 644.2M
  • Rise: 121
  • Fall: 152
  • Unch: 568

Intraday Market Ticker Help

Intraday Market Ticker
Time Name Type Price Vol
  • Top Active

  • Top Gainer

  • Top Loser

Top Counters
Name Last Change
NetLink NBN Tr0.885+0.010
SingTel3.490+0.040
ISR Capital^0.003-
Rex Intl0.074-
Synagie0.167+0.003
Genting Sing0.915-0.005
YZJ Shipbldg SGD1.520-
LionGold0.001-
Golden Agri-Res0.305-
AA0.013-0.001

World Indices

World Indices
Name Last Change
Nasdaq 8,005.7 -26.0
HSI 28,147.2 -365.8
HSCEI 10,724.4 -228.6
Jakarta 6,313.2 +24.7
Nikkei 225 21,193.8 -92.2
SSE Comp 2,968.8 -39.3
Shanghai A 3,109.5 -41.2
Shanghai B 295.4 -2.7
ShenZhen A 1,624.0 -24.3
ShenZhen B 951.0 -8.7
Taiwan W 10,706.7 -72.7
PSE Comp 0.0
KOSPI 2,120.7 -5.7

Asian Indices delayed. US Indices updated twice daily at 7:30am and 7:30pm.

Fundamental - Factsheet

Help
  • Factsheet

  • Print

Mitra Pemuda Tbk. Mitra Pemuda Tbk.
Quotes 10 Minutes Delayed. Updated at 25 Jun 2019 10:37
Last (IDR): 362.000 Change: -6.000 High: 362.000 Remarks: -
Change (%): -1.63 Low: 362.000
Open 362.000 Yesterday's Close 368.000
Buy Price 362.000 Sell Price 366.000
Buy Volume ('000) 0.1 Sell Volume ('000) 2.4
Cumulative Volume ('000) 0.1 Cumulative Value 36,200
Click to show Stock Prices chart

Key Statistics

EPS (IDR) a -27.14227 Trailing EPS (IDR) e -27.14227 NAV (IDR) b 146.5143
PE a - Trailing PE f - Price / NAV b 2.4707
Dividend (IDR) d - Cash In Hand (IDR) g 12.8478 Issued & Paid-up Shares c 770,000,000
Dividend Yield (%) d - Price / Cash In Hand g 28.176 Treasury Shares h -
Beta - 75 Daysi -0.107 R-Squared - 75 Days(%)i 1.77 Market Cap (M) 278,740.000
Beta - 500 Daysi 0.262 R-Squared - 500 Days (%)i 1.95 Enterprise Value (M) 373,148.257
Piotroski F Score 3 Exchange Code MTRA Par Value ( IDR ) 100.00000
52 Weeks Volatility (%) 21.97 6-Month VWAP 377.168 Free Float (%) -
Sector & Industry Industrial Services - Engineering & Construction
Notes:
  1. Based on latest Full Year results announcement, adjusted for the current number of shares.
  2. Based on latest results announcement (Full Year, Half Year or Interim), adjusted for carrying value of "Other Share Capital", illustrative financial effects of corporate actions (if applicable) and the current number of shares.
  3. Rounded to the nearest thousand. Updated on 11 Feb 2016.Please click here for more information.
  4. Dividend is based on latest Full Year results announcement, adjusted for current number of shares and excludes special dividend.
  5. Summation of the earnings from the latest 4 Quarter (or 2 Half Year) results announcement, adjusted for the current number of shares.
  6. Based on Trailing EPS.
  7. Based on reported cash and cash equivalents at end and extracted from the latest results announcement (Full Year, Half Year or Interim), adjusted for the current number of shares.
  8. Rounded to the nearest thousand. Updated on 11 Feb 2016.
  9. Beta and R-Squared are calculated in relation to the market index using the historical daily closing values of the stock and index as data points.

Peer Comparison

Type Name Market Market Cap (M)a PE b Trailing PE c Price / NAV d Dividend Yield (%)d
Reference Mitra Pemuda Tbk. IDX 278,740.000 - - 2.4707 -
Industry Engineering & Construction IDX 6,286,823.926 13.808 16.252 1.4632 2.094
Local Peer Waskita Karya (Persero) Tbk. IDX 26,944,390.002 6.799 8.530 1.4398 3.677
Local Peer Totalindo Eka Persada Tbk. IDX 21,997,800.000 716.387 422.240 15.5891 -
Local Peer Wijaya Karya (Persero) Tbk. IDX 21,334,156.970 12.330 11.564 1.4138 1.622
Local Peer PP (Persero) Tbk. IDX 14,135,772.002 9.411 9.291 1.0963 2.125
Local Peer Inti Bangun Sejahtera Tbk. IDX 11,212,553.000 76.795 82.680 2.1344 -
Local Peer Solusi Tunas Pratama Tbk. IDX 7,735,544.000 - - 2.6091 -
Local Peer Indika Energy Tbk. IDX 7,033,756.500 6.170 15.139 0.5152 12.081
Local Peer Jaya Konstruksi Manggala Pratama Tbk. IDX 6,816,953.000 25.623 26.276 2.7321 -
Local Peer Adhi Karya (Persero) Tbk. IDX 6,017,836.502 9.342 9.310 0.9477 2.141
Local Peer Bukaka Teknik Utama Tbk. IDX 5,096,068.500 9.075 7.698 2.3746 -
Local Peer Delta Dunia Makmur Tbk. IDX 4,435,020.350 4.118 4.567 1.1820 -
Local Peer Wijaya Karya Bangunan Gedung Tbk. IDX 3,311,912.000 7.455 7.428 1.5132 4.024
Other Local Peers Surya Semesta Internusa Tbk. (IDX), Meta Epsi Tbk. (IDX), Total Bangun Persada Tbk. (IDX), Petrosea Tbk. (IDX), Paramita Bangun Sarana Tbk. (IDX), Darma Henwa Tbk (IDX), Acset Indonusa Tbk. (IDX), Nusa Raya Cipta Tbk. (IDX), Indonesia Pondasi Raya Tbk. (IDX), Nusa Konstruksi Enjiniring Tbk. (IDX), Perdana Karya Perkasa Tbk (IDX)
Global Peer CKI HOLDINGS HKEx 161,507.315 15.466 15.466 1.5070 3.791
Global Peer CHINA RAILWAY HKEx 136,837.297 7.040 6.511 0.7153 2.496
Global Peer CHINA RAIL CONS HKEx 131,721.150 6.515 6.128 0.7335 2.529
Global Peer CHINA COMM CONS HKEx 116,457.840 5.268 4.950 0.5558 3.641
Global Peer JACOBS ENGINEERING GROUP INC NYSE 11,199.206 68.858 36.364 2.0489 0.762
Global Peer CIMIC GROUP LTD ASX 14,630.340 18.742 18.742 6.1441 3.457
Global Peer NWS HOLDINGS HKEx 63,579.852 10.477 10.841 1.2910 4.780
Global Peer AECOM NYSE 5,749.350 42.130 20.964 1.3689 -
Global Peer MCC HKEx 43,312.324 5.739 5.754 0.5317 3.912
Global Peer QUANTA SERVICES NYSE 5,427.494 18.502 14.426 1.4575 0.104
Other Global Peers CHINACOMSERVICE (HKEx), CHINA STATE CON (HKEx), EMCOR GROUP INC (NYSE), FLUOR CORP (NYSE), HUADIAN POWER (HKEx), SINOPEC SEG (HKEx), ATLAS ARTERIA (ASX), CH ENERGY ENG (HKEx), MASTEC INC (NYSE), KBR INC (NYSE), EXPONENT INC (NASDAQ), DOWNER EDI LTD (ASX), STANTEC INC (NYSE), NetLink NBN Tr (SGX), GAMUDA (Bursa), GRANITE CONSTRUCTION (NYSE), IJM (Bursa), CMEC (HKEx), MINERAL RESOURCES LTD (ASX), COMFORT SYSTEMS USA (NYSE), NEW FORTRESS ENERGY LLC (NASDAQ), DYCOM INDUSTRIES (NYSE), CK (SET), SERBADK (Bursa), STEC (SET), MONADELPHOUS GROUP (ASX), MYR GRP INC (NASDAQ), United Engineers (SGX), SUNDART HLDGS (HKEx), MRCB (Bursa), PRIMORIS SERVICES CORPORATION (NASDAQ), CHALIECO (HKEx), MMCCORP (Bursa), AUSDRILL LIMITED (ASX), CONSTRUCTION PARTNERS INC (NASDAQ), AMERESCO INC (NYSE), GREAT LAKES DREDGE & DOCK CORP (NASDAQ), TUTOR PERINI CORP (NYSE), HKICIM GROUP (HKEx), SUNCON (Bursa), NRW HOLDINGS LIMITED (ASX), ARGAN INC (NYSE), XINTE ENERGY (HKEx), AEGION CORPORATION (NASDAQ), MATRIX SERVICE CO (NASDAQ), WISON ENGRG (HKEx), EKOVEST (Bursa), GRANA Y MONTERO SA SPON ADS EACH REP 5 ORD SHS (NYSE), WAI KEE HOLD (HKEx), CHENGDU EXPWAY (HKEx), QILU EXPRESSWAY (HKEx), CHEVALIER INT'L (HKEx), GRAND MING (HKEx), AOYUAN HEALTHY (HKEx), UNIQ (SET), UCD (HKEx), ITD (SET), MISTRAS GROUP INC (NYSE), KERJAYA (Bursa), IES HOLDINGS INC (NASDAQ), CONCORD NE (HKEx), BAOYE GROUP (HKEx), Golden Energy (SGX), WCT (Bursa), STERLING CONSTRUCTION CO INC (NASDAQ), CNQC INT'L (HKEx), HKC (HOLDINGS) (HKEx), FRONTKN (Bursa), Chip Eng Seng (SGX), MUHIBAH (Bursa), Boustead (SGX), DTXS SILK ROAD (HKEx), KAKIKO GROUP (HKEx), CARDNO LIMITED (ASX), HSIN CHONG GP (HKEx), SICHUAN EN INV (HKEx), ECONBHD (Bursa), CHI HO DEV (HKEx), IWCITY (Bursa), JOHNS LYNG GROUP LTD (ASX), EARTHASIA (HKEx), Boustead Proj (SGX), SEAFCO (SET), PESTECH (Bursa), MECOM POWER (HKEx), FSE SERVICES (HKEx), ALL NATION INTL (HKEx), HSL (Bursa), HANISON (HKEx), Lian Beng (SGX), TTCL (SET), BUILD KING HOLD (HKEx), KSH (SGX), GRAND TALENTS (HKEx), VANTAGE INT'L (HKEx), SHING CHI HLDGS (HKEx), RCR TOMLINSON LTD (ASX), PYLON (SET), HILL INTERNATIONAL INC (NYSE), GADANG (Bursa), DECMIL GROUP LIMITED (ASX), RICHLY FIELD (HKEx), ASIA ALLIED INF (HKEx), Wee Hur (SGX), HSSEB (Bursa), LYCOPODIUM LIMITED (ASX), SYNTEC (SET), SRG GLOBAL LTD (ASX), Hock Lian Seng (SGX), YEE HOP HLDGS (HKEx), PT INTL DEV (HKEx), Civmec (SGX), MILLION CITIES (HKEx), JAKS (Bursa), DNEX (Bursa), WANG YANG HLDGS (HKEx), KIMLUN (Bursa), PEC (SGX), LEAP HLDGS GP (HKEx), WATTS INT'L (HKEx), YAT SING HLDG (HKEx), NAIM (Bursa), BISU TECH-1K (HKEx), TAUNG GOLD (HKEx), BISU TECH-2K (HKEx), PIPELINE ENG (HKEx), WIN WIN WAY (HKEx), DAFY HOLDINGS (HKEx), SFK (HKEx), GRANDSHORES (HKEx), PTARAS (Bursa), Lum Chang (SGX), SOCAM DEV (HKEx), HUARONG INV (HKEx), NEW CONCEPTS (HKEx), BSA LIMITED (ASX), SOLIS HOLDINGS (HKEx), GR ENGINEERING SERVICECS LTD (ASX), WAN KEI GROUP (HKEx), SENDAI (Bursa), PLS (Bursa), C CHENG HLDGS (HKEx), Dyna-Mac (SGX), KKB (Bursa), Keong Hong (SGX), SRICHA (SET), EMC (SET), SOUTHERN CROSS ELECTRICAL ENGINEERI (ASX), CNE TECH CORP (HKEx), CHINA SAITE (HKEx), KWAN ON HLDGS (HKEx), YAU LEE HOLD (HKEx), PYI CORP (HKEx), JBB BUILDERS (HKEx), WAI HUNG GROUP (HKEx), OIB (Bursa), TA (SGX), AMPROP (Bursa), Tiong Seng (SGX), MITRA (Bursa), BASETROPHY GP (HKEx), TRC (Bursa), AUSTIN ENGINEERING (ASX), WLS HOLDINGS (HKEx), MAGNA (Bursa), NWR (SET), Yongnam (SGX), B & D STRATEGIC (HKEx), TTJ (SGX), ORION GROUP HOLDINGS INC (NYSE), CNT (SET), MASTERMYNE GROUP LIMITED (ASX), Koh Bros (SGX), MBWORLD (Bursa), HON CORP (HKEx), AZRB (Bursa), AusGroup^ (SGX), GAIN PLUS HLDGS (HKEx), BREM (Bursa), GOLDFIELD CORP (NYSE American), TPOLY (SET), META (SET), Koh Eco (SGX), THELLOY DEV (HKEx), ISOTeam (SGX), KIN PANG HLDGS (HKEx), AWC (Bursa), INFRASTRUCTURE & ENERGY ALTERNATIVE (NASDAQ), HOHUP (Bursa), SCI (SET), PLE (SET), BOLTEK (HKEx), HKE HOLDINGS (HKEx), CHINNEY KW (HKEx), BOOM LOGISTICS (ASX), OKP (SGX), KUB (Bursa), CRESBLD (Bursa), Y&G (Bursa), MUDAJYA (Bursa), ANCHORSTONE (HKEx), FULLWEALTH (HKEx), MILLIONHOPE IND (HKEx), IBI GROUP HLDGS (HKEx), HUAYUEXPRESSWAY (HKEx), UNIMECH (Bursa), PRIMERO GROUP LTD (ASX), DKLS (Bursa), FAJAR (Bursa), KIN SHING HLDGS (HKEx), ADVCON (Bursa), TEE Intl (SGX), KWONG MAN KEE (HKEx), GOLD-FIN HLDG (HKEx), BBR (SGX), SAM WOO CONS (HKEx), SUPER STRONG (HKEx), BGMC (HKEx), KINGBO STRIKE (HKEx), GOLDEN FAITH GP (HKEx), Soilbuild Const (SGX), PROUD (SET), Sanli Env (SGX), SIMONDS GROUP LTD (ASX), ROYAL DELUXE (HKEx), PLB (Bursa), AFFLUENT FDN (HKEx), CSC (SGX), MAN KING HOLD (HKEx), PRTASCO (Bursa), King Wan (SGX), OLYMPIA (Bursa), Sysma (SGX), INCON (HKEx), SOUTH SHORE HLD (HKEx), WING FUNG GROUP (HKEx), SBCCORP (Bursa), Ryobi Kiso (SGX), LAP KEI ENGRG (HKEx), LEBTECH (Bursa), WECON HOLDINGS (HKEx), ENVISION SOLAR INTERNATIONAL INC (NASDAQ), DESON CONS (HKEx), BDB (Bursa), AB BUILDERS (HKEx), KEN (Bursa), IKHMAS (Bursa), AASIA (Bursa), Wong Fong Ind (SGX), GT STEEL GROUP (HKEx), BHCC HOLDING (HKEx), IREKA (Bursa), SAUNDERS (ASX), SYCAL (Bursa), DESON DEV INT'L (HKEx), PAK WING GP (HKEx), LerenoBio-Chem (SGX), SH GROUP HLDG (HKEx), Tritech (SGX), CH DREDG ENV (HKEx), VISTAR HOLDINGS (HKEx), Kori (SGX), ETE (SET), PPS (SET), KPA-BM HLDGS (HKEx), CAZ (SET), FLOYD (SET), CHUAN HOLDING (HKEx), LIENHOE (Bursa), NOBLE ENG GP (HKEx), Mun Siong Engg^ (SGX), Charisma Energy (SGX), CNC HOLDINGS (HKEx), INDIGO STAR (HKEx), KAB (Bursa), MERGE (Bursa), TSRCAP (Bursa), KINGLAND GROUP (HKEx), DLF (SGX), T (SET), TNDT (SET), Huationg Global (SGX), BPURI (Bursa), Hiap Seng^ (SGX), HYDRO (SET), ZELAN (Bursa), AV PROMOTIONS (HKEx), Boldtek (SGX), LUEN WONG GP (HKEx), SITE GROUP INTERNATIONAL LIMITED (ASX), VERIS LTD (ASX), MELATI (Bursa), Progen (SGX), SAAM (SET), QLT (SET), Acromec (SGX), FOCUS (SET), PSIPTEK (Bursa), LOGICAMMS LIMITED (ASX), GME GROUP (HKEx), Libra (SGX), GLORY FLAME (HKEx), KIRIN GROUP (HKEx), PASUKGB (Bursa), DOLMITE (Bursa), Renaissance United^ (SGX), TONG KEE HLDG (HKEx), VDM GROUP LIMITED (ASX), CABNET (Bursa), ZECON (Bursa), BINTAI (Bursa), JETSON (Bursa), POLYFAIR HLDGS (HKEx), SEB (Bursa), GLOBAL TOKEN (HKEx), M&L HOLDINGS (HKEx), MOODY TECH HLDG (HKEx), Swee Hong^ (SGX), RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT GROUP (ASX), MMP Resources^ (SGX), BEAVER GROUP (HKEx), LFECORP (Bursa), Hor Kew (SGX), MESB (Bursa), HOOVER (Bursa), PSL^ (SGX), Koon (SGX), PARKD LTD NPV (ASX), Heatec Jietong (SGX), ARK (Bursa), R3D GLOBAL LIMITED (ASX), AESO HOLDING (HKEx), VISION FAME (HKEx), PAE (SET), NPS (Bursa), LVT (SET), KTECH (SET), VTE (SET)
Notes:
  1. For companies, Market Cap is based on the trading currency of the company. Industry/Index Market Cap is the average market cap for that industry/index.
  2. Industry/Index PE is calculated using (Total Market Cap/Total Earnings) of all companies in the industry/index.
  3. Industry/Index Price/NAV is calculated using (Total Market Cap/Total Shareholders' Equity) of all companies in the industry/index.
  4. Industry/Index Dividend Yield is calculated using (Total Gross Dividend/Total Market Cap) of all companies in the industry/index.
  5. For Industry/Index calculation, data for foreign currency denominated companies will be converted to the main market currency using the latest exchange rate.
  6. Industry/Index/Peers data is updated daily.
  7. Peers are sorted by market capitalisation and only details for the top 10 will be shown.

Total Shareholder Return

PeriodDividend ReceivedCapital AppreciationTotal Shareholder Return
Short Term Return 5 Days --16.000
-4.23 %
10 Days --20.000
-5.24 %
20 Days --24.000
-6.22 %
Medium Term Return 3 Months --20.000
-5.24 %
6 Months --22.000
-5.73 %
1 Year --60.000
-14.22 %
Long Term Return 2 Years -+54.000
+17.53 %
3 Years -+58.000
+19.08 %
Annualised Return Annualised --
+5.99 %
Notes:
  1. Total Shareholder Return (TSR) combines share price appreciation and dividends paid to show the total return to the shareholder expressed as a percentage.
  2. Script dividends are ignored in this calculation.

Price Movements

1 Year Range 348.000 - 468.000 Change From 1 Year Low +14.000 % Change From 1 Year Low (%) +4.02
Change From 1 Year High -106.000 % Change From 1 Year High (%) -22.65
2 Years Range 246.000 - 474.000 Change From 2 Years Low +116.000 % Change From 2 Years Low (%) +47.15
Change From 2 Years High -112.000 % Change From 2 Years High (%) -23.63
5 Years Range 189.000 - 474.000 Change From 5 Years Low +173.000 % Change From 5 Years Low (%) +91.53
Change From 5 Years High -112.000 % Change From 5 Years High (%) -23.63
Notes:
  1. Price movements are based on adjusted historical data.

Company Background

PT Mitra Pemuda Tbk engages in the provision of general construction services, which focuses on steel structure. It also offers construction services for the following sectors: building, factory, warehousing, infrastructure, and civil works. The company was founded in 1968 and is headquartered in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Historical Price Data

Date Open High Low Close Volume VWAP
24 Jun 2019 368.000 368.000 368.000 368.000 - -
21 Jun 2019 368.000 368.000 368.000 368.000 - -
20 Jun 2019 368.000 368.000 368.000 368.000 200 368.0000
19 Jun 2019 376.000 376.000 372.000 372.000 171,400 375.9953
18 Jun 2019 376.000 378.000 376.000 378.000 112,800 376.0940
17 Jun 2019 378.000 378.000 378.000 378.000 - -
14 Jun 2019 378.000 378.000 378.000 378.000 100 378.0000
13 Jun 2019 380.000 380.000 380.000 380.000 - -
12 Jun 2019 380.000 380.000 380.000 380.000 77,200 380.0000
11 Jun 2019 380.000 382.000 380.000 382.000 5,000 381.8000
10 Jun 2019 382.000 382.000 382.000 382.000 11,000 382.0000
31 May 2019 390.000 392.000 382.000 382.000 121,000 390.1868
29 May 2019 388.000 390.000 388.000 390.000 210,800 389.1812
28 May 2019 384.000 388.000 384.000 388.000 199,100 386.0573
27 May 2019 384.000 386.000 384.000 386.000 124,500 384.7984
24 May 2019 384.000 384.000 384.000 384.000 64,500 384.0000
23 May 2019 382.000 384.000 382.000 384.000 121,800 382.8177
22 May 2019 380.000 382.000 380.000 382.000 143,000 380.5524
21 May 2019 376.000 380.000 376.000 380.000 134,500 377.4498
20 May 2019 376.000 376.000 376.000 376.000 77,000 376.0000
17 May 2019 376.000 376.000 376.000 376.000 95,900 376.0000
16 May 2019 376.000 376.000 366.000 376.000 100,100 375.9181
Summary
Current 2 Weeks
(11 Jun 2019 to 24 Jun 2019)
380.000 382.000 368.000 368.000 366,700 -
Previous 2 Weeks
(20 May 2019 to 10 Jun 2019)
376.000 382.000 368.000 382.000 1,207,200 -
4 Weeks from
(18 Apr 2019 to 17 May 2019)
374.000 382.000 366.000 376.000 1,530,100 -
View All Historical Data

More Information Available

More information is available to our subscribers, including:

  • Market Moving News from Dow Jones Newswires
  • Consensus Estimates
  • Dividend/Distribution History
  • Financial Summary with Financial Period Comparison
  • Comprehensive Financial Ratios(ROA, ROE, Price/Revenue, Net Earnings Margin, Current Ratio, Debt to Equity Ratio etc)
  • Events Calendar for Results Announcements, Ex-Dates etc
  • Insider Buying and Selling Report

If you are an existing subscriber, please login. If not, read up on what you are missing out in our Help Centre and join us as a subscriber.

Disclaimer:

While reasonable efforts have been taken to ensure that the calculations performed by the features of this site are reliable, the features are provided on the basis that:-

  1. no liability is accepted for any errors or inaccuracies resulting from your use of these features;
  2. many of the data inputs (including share prices) are obtained from third party sources for which we assume no responsibility.